Objectives of this study were to develop a PCR-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA) for identification of Salmonella enterica somatic groups C1 and E1 and to evaluate this procedure along with a PCR-ELISA procedure for S. enterica somatic groups B, C2, and D in a masked study. Primers were selected from the rfb gene cluster, which is responsible for biosynthesis of O antigens of Salmonella lipopolysaccharide. Previously serogrouped Salmonella isolates (n = 169) were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the PCR-ELISA procedure. DNA from all isolates was amplified using the PCR procedure for selected somatic groups and amplified products were visualized on agarose gels, as well as subjected to the ELISA procedure. The PCR-ELISA technique correctly identified 97% of somatic group C1 and 87% of somatic group E1. The sensitivity of this procedure to correctly identify S. enterica somatic group C1 was 97% and 88% for somatic group E1. The specificity was 98% for both somatic groups C1 and E1. The PCR-ELISA techniques correctly identified 93% of Salmonella isolates belonging to somatic groups B, C1, C2, D, and E1. The overall sensitivity of this procedure to correctly identify S. enterica somatic groups was 96% and the specificity was 98%. Ninety-one percent of somatic group D, 92% of somatic group B, and 97% of somatic group C2 were identified correctly with this procedure. Results of this study indicate that the PCR-ELISA procedure is a rapid and accurate method for serogrouping Salmonella isolates. Utilization of the PCR-ELISA procedure for Salmonella serogrouping would aide in identification, surveillance, prevention, and control of Salmonella.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science