Detection of shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 serogroups by multiplex polymerase chain reaction of the wzx gene of the O-antigen gene cluster

Chitrita Debroy, Elisabeth Roberts, Angela M. Valadez, Edward G. Dudley, Catherine N. Cutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

O-antigens on the surface of Escherichia coli are important virulence factors that are targets of both the innate and adaptive immune system and play a major role in pathogenicity. O-antigens that are responsible for antigenic specificity of the strain determine the O-serogroup. E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 have been the most commonly identified O-serogroups associated with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) implicated in outbreaks of human illness all over the world. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay was developed to simultaneously detect the eight STEC O-serogroups targeting the wzx (O-antigen-flippase) genes of all O-antigen gene clusters. The sensitivity of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction was found to be 10 colony forming units for each O-group when enriched in broth and 100 colony forming units when enriched in artificially inoculated apple juice diluted with tryptic soy broth for 16 h at 37°C. The method can be used for detecting STEC O-groups simultaneously and may be exploited for improving the safety of food products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-652
Number of pages2
JournalFoodborne pathogens and disease
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Fingerprint

Escherichia coli O26
Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli
O Antigens
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
Multigene Family
multigene family
serotypes
polymerase chain reaction
antigens
Genes
Stem Cells
genes
Escherichia coli
Food Safety
apple juice
Malus
Virulence Factors
human diseases
Disease Outbreaks

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Detection of shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 serogroups by multiplex polymerase chain reaction of the wzx gene of the O-antigen gene cluster",
abstract = "O-antigens on the surface of Escherichia coli are important virulence factors that are targets of both the innate and adaptive immune system and play a major role in pathogenicity. O-antigens that are responsible for antigenic specificity of the strain determine the O-serogroup. E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 have been the most commonly identified O-serogroups associated with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) implicated in outbreaks of human illness all over the world. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay was developed to simultaneously detect the eight STEC O-serogroups targeting the wzx (O-antigen-flippase) genes of all O-antigen gene clusters. The sensitivity of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction was found to be 10 colony forming units for each O-group when enriched in broth and 100 colony forming units when enriched in artificially inoculated apple juice diluted with tryptic soy broth for 16 h at 37°C. The method can be used for detecting STEC O-groups simultaneously and may be exploited for improving the safety of food products.",
author = "Chitrita Debroy and Elisabeth Roberts and Valadez, {Angela M.} and Dudley, {Edward G.} and Cutter, {Catherine N.}",
year = "2011",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 serogroups by multiplex polymerase chain reaction of the wzx gene of the O-antigen gene cluster

AU - Debroy, Chitrita

AU - Roberts, Elisabeth

AU - Valadez, Angela M.

AU - Dudley, Edward G.

AU - Cutter, Catherine N.

PY - 2011/5/1

Y1 - 2011/5/1

N2 - O-antigens on the surface of Escherichia coli are important virulence factors that are targets of both the innate and adaptive immune system and play a major role in pathogenicity. O-antigens that are responsible for antigenic specificity of the strain determine the O-serogroup. E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 have been the most commonly identified O-serogroups associated with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) implicated in outbreaks of human illness all over the world. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay was developed to simultaneously detect the eight STEC O-serogroups targeting the wzx (O-antigen-flippase) genes of all O-antigen gene clusters. The sensitivity of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction was found to be 10 colony forming units for each O-group when enriched in broth and 100 colony forming units when enriched in artificially inoculated apple juice diluted with tryptic soy broth for 16 h at 37°C. The method can be used for detecting STEC O-groups simultaneously and may be exploited for improving the safety of food products.

AB - O-antigens on the surface of Escherichia coli are important virulence factors that are targets of both the innate and adaptive immune system and play a major role in pathogenicity. O-antigens that are responsible for antigenic specificity of the strain determine the O-serogroup. E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157 have been the most commonly identified O-serogroups associated with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) implicated in outbreaks of human illness all over the world. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay was developed to simultaneously detect the eight STEC O-serogroups targeting the wzx (O-antigen-flippase) genes of all O-antigen gene clusters. The sensitivity of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction was found to be 10 colony forming units for each O-group when enriched in broth and 100 colony forming units when enriched in artificially inoculated apple juice diluted with tryptic soy broth for 16 h at 37°C. The method can be used for detecting STEC O-groups simultaneously and may be exploited for improving the safety of food products.

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