Detection of X-ray emission from the very old pulsar J0108-1431

G. G. Pavlov, O. Kargaltsev, J. A. Wong, G. P. Garmire

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Abstract

PSR J0108-1431 is a nearby, 170 Myr old, very faint radio pulsar near the "pulsar death line" in the P- diagram. We observed the pulsar field with the Chandra X-ray Observatory and detected a point source (53 counts in a 30 ks exposure; energy flux (9 ± 2) × 10-15 erg cm -2 s-1 in the 0.3-8 keV band) close to the radio pulsar position. Based on the large X-ray/optical flux ratio at the X-ray source position, we conclude that the source is the X-ray counterpart of PSR J0108-1431. The pulsar spectrum can be described by a power-law model with photon index Γ ≈ 2.2 and luminosity L 0.3-8 keV ≈ 2 × 1028 d 2 130 erg s-1, or by a blackbody model with temperature kT ≈ 0.28 keV and bolometric luminosity L bol ≈ 1.3 × 1028 d 2 130 erg s-1, for a plausible hydrogen column density N H = 7.3 × 1019 cm-2 (d 130 = d/130 pc). The pulsar converts ∼0.4% of its spin-down power into X-ray luminosity, i.e., its X-ray efficiency is higher than for most younger pulsars. From the comparison of the X-ray position with the previously measured radio positions, we estimated the pulsar proper motion of 0.2 arcsec yr-1 (V ≈ 130d 130 km s-1), in the south-southeast direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-464
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume691
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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