Determinants of ownership-based entry mode choice of MNEs: Evidence from Mongolia

Erdener Kaynak, Mehmet Demirbag, Ekrem Tatoglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

■ This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of foreign investors' ownership strategies in the land-locked transition economy of Mongolia. Drawing broadly on the transaction cost theory and institutional model, a number of investing firm and host country characteristics were identified. Drawing on a sample of 1,033 affiliates of foreign investors with varying levels of foreign ownership, the paper examines the choice between a wholly owned subsidiary (WOS) and ajoint venture (JV). ■ Strong support has been found for the impact of nationality and normative distance on the ownership mode choice of foreign investors. The results show that the main determinants of foreign equity ownership found in previous research also influence the ownership structure of foreign affiliates in Mongolia. The extent of FDI concentration, natural resource intensity of target industry and location of the affiliate have the expected impact on the foreign investor's choice between a JV and a WOS. However, no support has been found for the impact of capital size of affiliate on the level of equity ownership of foreign affiliates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-530
Number of pages26
JournalManagement International Review
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2007

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Foreign investors
Ownership
Mongolia
Entry mode choice
Multinational enterprises
Foreign affiliates
Equity ownership
Wholly owned subsidiary
Transition economies
Investing
Natural resources
Host country
Industry
Mode choice
Foreign ownership
Venture
Ownership structure
Transaction cost theory
Nationality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

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Determinants of ownership-based entry mode choice of MNEs : Evidence from Mongolia. / Kaynak, Erdener; Demirbag, Mehmet; Tatoglu, Ekrem.

In: Management International Review, Vol. 47, No. 4, 03.09.2007, p. 505-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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