Determination of the superconducting gap structure in all bands of the spin-triplet superconductor Sr2RuO4

K. Deguchi, Z. Q. Mao, Y. Maeno

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101 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have obtained strong experimental evidence for the full determination of the superconducting gap structure in all three bands of the spin-triplet superconductor Sr2RuO4 for the first time. We have extended the measurements of the field-orientation dependent specific heat to include conical field rotations consisting of in-plane azimuthal angle φ-sweeps at various polar angles θ performed down to 0.1 K. Clear 4-fold oscillations of the specific heat and a rapid suppression of it by changing θ are explained only by a compensation from two types of bands with anti-phase gap anisotropies with each other. The results indicate that the active band, responsible for the superconducting instability, is the γ-band with the lines of gap minima along the [100] directions, and the passive band is the α- and β-bands with the lines of gap minima or zeros along the [110] directions in their induced superconducting gaps. We also demonstrated the scaling of the specific heat for the field in the c-direction, which supports the line-node-like gap structures running along the kz direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1313-1321
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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