Determination of thiols and disulfides using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection

Wayne A. Kleinman, John Richie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-molecular-mass thiols, such as glutathione (GSH), and their associated disulfides are ubiquitous in nature, and based upon the many known functions of these compounds, their identification and accurate measurement is essential. Our objectives were to develop a simple method for the simultaneous measurement of thiols and disulfides in biological samples using HPLC with dual electrochemical detection (HPLC-DED). Particular emphasis was placed on the applicability to a wide variety of important GSH-related thiols and disulfides, including γ-Glu-Cys, Cys-Gly, their disulfides, and the mixed disulfide of glutathione and cysteine (CSSG), validation on different types of biological samples, maintenance of chromatographic resolution and reproducibility with routine and extended use, and enhancement of assay sensitivity. To this end, optimal HPLC conditions including mobile phase, column, and electrode polishing procedures were established and the method was applied to, and validated on a variety of biological samples. This improved methodology should prove to be a useful tool in studies on the metabolism of GSH and other thiols and disulfides and their role in cellular homeostasis and disease processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Volume672
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 1995

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High performance liquid chromatography
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Disulfides
Molecular mass
Polishing
Metabolism
Glutathione
Assays
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Low-molecular-mass thiols, such as glutathione (GSH), and their associated disulfides are ubiquitous in nature, and based upon the many known functions of these compounds, their identification and accurate measurement is essential. Our objectives were to develop a simple method for the simultaneous measurement of thiols and disulfides in biological samples using HPLC with dual electrochemical detection (HPLC-DED). Particular emphasis was placed on the applicability to a wide variety of important GSH-related thiols and disulfides, including γ-Glu-Cys, Cys-Gly, their disulfides, and the mixed disulfide of glutathione and cysteine (CSSG), validation on different types of biological samples, maintenance of chromatographic resolution and reproducibility with routine and extended use, and enhancement of assay sensitivity. To this end, optimal HPLC conditions including mobile phase, column, and electrode polishing procedures were established and the method was applied to, and validated on a variety of biological samples. This improved methodology should prove to be a useful tool in studies on the metabolism of GSH and other thiols and disulfides and their role in cellular homeostasis and disease processes.",
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N2 - Low-molecular-mass thiols, such as glutathione (GSH), and their associated disulfides are ubiquitous in nature, and based upon the many known functions of these compounds, their identification and accurate measurement is essential. Our objectives were to develop a simple method for the simultaneous measurement of thiols and disulfides in biological samples using HPLC with dual electrochemical detection (HPLC-DED). Particular emphasis was placed on the applicability to a wide variety of important GSH-related thiols and disulfides, including γ-Glu-Cys, Cys-Gly, their disulfides, and the mixed disulfide of glutathione and cysteine (CSSG), validation on different types of biological samples, maintenance of chromatographic resolution and reproducibility with routine and extended use, and enhancement of assay sensitivity. To this end, optimal HPLC conditions including mobile phase, column, and electrode polishing procedures were established and the method was applied to, and validated on a variety of biological samples. This improved methodology should prove to be a useful tool in studies on the metabolism of GSH and other thiols and disulfides and their role in cellular homeostasis and disease processes.

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