In large quantum systems, multipartite entanglement can be found in many inequivalent classes. Preparing states of arbitrary size in different classes is important for performing a wide range of quantum protocols. W states, in particular, constitute a class with a variety of quantum networking protocols. However, all known schemes for preparing polarization encoded photonic W states are probabilistic, with resource requirements increasing at least sub-exponentially. We propose a deterministic scheme for preparing W states of size of any power of 2, which requires no prior entanglement and can be performed locally. We introduce an all-optical setup that can efficiently double the size of W states of arbitrary size. Our scheme advances the use of W states in real-world quantum networks and could be extended to other physical systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics