Developing a NSQIP module to measure outcomes in children's surgical care: opportunity and challenge

Peter Dillon, Karl Hammermeister, Elaine Morrato, Allison Kempe, Keith Oldham, Lawrence Moss, Michael Marchildon, Moritz Ziegler, Janet Steeger, Kathy Rowell, Mira Shiloach, William Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (SciVal)


Under the guidance of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) and in partnership with the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) has been developed to improve the quality of surgical care in adults on a national level. Its purpose is to provide reliable, risk-adjusted outcomes data so that surgical quality can be assessed and compared between institutions. Data analysis consists of reporting observed to expected ratios (O/E) for 30-day postoperative mortality and morbidity measurements. A surgical clinical nurse reviewer is assigned at each medical center to collect information on 97 variables, including preoperative, operative, and postoperative factors for patients undergoing major operations in the specialties of general and vascular surgery. Eligible operations are entered into the database on a structured 8-day cycle to ensure representative sampling of cases. Since the introduction of the program into the VA system, there has been a 47% reduction in 30-day postoperative mortality and a 42% reduction in 30-day postoperative morbidity. Over 160 institutions have enrolled with the ACS in its adult NSQIP. In 2005, a planning committee was formed by the ACS and the American Pediatric Surgical Association to explore the development of a children's surgery NSQIP module. In conjunction with the Colorado Health Outcomes Program at the University of Colorado, a program potentially applicable to all children's surgical specialties has been designed. This manuscript describes the development of that Children's ACS-NSQIP module.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in pediatric surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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