Development and application of multiple input models for structural noise source identification of forge hammers. Part I: Development

Martin Wesley Trethewey, Harold A. Evensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The application of multiple input models to analyze structurally generated noise from a forge hammer is discussed. Part I of this article is intended to present the rationale for application and analysis of multiple input models for noise source identification. The development of the empirical models is reviewed and investigated to show how the terms in the model can be interpreted to mathematically simulate the selective wrapping approach to source identification. The interaction of the structural excitation forces and radiated structural noise is examined for a four-piece forge hammer and provides an indication of the characteristic measurements needed to develop the multiple input model that is representative of the hammer's sound radiation. The transducer requirements for application to forge hammers are examined through experiments performed on a laboratory test structure and a forge hammer column. The results indicate that a single, well-placed transducer may be sufficient to characterize the sound radiation from a monolithic element. Part II of this article analyzes the application of the techniques to a Chambersburg #8 die forger under production conditions. The experimental results indicate that the ram is the dominant source of sound energy, the columns are secondary sources, and the yoke and anvil are minor sources when detected through a microphone at the operator's position.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1092-1098
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
    Volume75
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

    Fingerprint

    hammers
    acoustics
    transducers
    ram
    radiation
    anvils
    microphones
    indication
    Forge
    operators
    requirements
    excitation
    Sound
    interactions

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

    Cite this

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    title = "Development and application of multiple input models for structural noise source identification of forge hammers. Part I: Development",
    abstract = "The application of multiple input models to analyze structurally generated noise from a forge hammer is discussed. Part I of this article is intended to present the rationale for application and analysis of multiple input models for noise source identification. The development of the empirical models is reviewed and investigated to show how the terms in the model can be interpreted to mathematically simulate the selective wrapping approach to source identification. The interaction of the structural excitation forces and radiated structural noise is examined for a four-piece forge hammer and provides an indication of the characteristic measurements needed to develop the multiple input model that is representative of the hammer's sound radiation. The transducer requirements for application to forge hammers are examined through experiments performed on a laboratory test structure and a forge hammer column. The results indicate that a single, well-placed transducer may be sufficient to characterize the sound radiation from a monolithic element. Part II of this article analyzes the application of the techniques to a Chambersburg #8 die forger under production conditions. The experimental results indicate that the ram is the dominant source of sound energy, the columns are secondary sources, and the yoke and anvil are minor sources when detected through a microphone at the operator's position.",
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    AU - Trethewey, Martin Wesley

    AU - Evensen, Harold A.

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    N2 - The application of multiple input models to analyze structurally generated noise from a forge hammer is discussed. Part I of this article is intended to present the rationale for application and analysis of multiple input models for noise source identification. The development of the empirical models is reviewed and investigated to show how the terms in the model can be interpreted to mathematically simulate the selective wrapping approach to source identification. The interaction of the structural excitation forces and radiated structural noise is examined for a four-piece forge hammer and provides an indication of the characteristic measurements needed to develop the multiple input model that is representative of the hammer's sound radiation. The transducer requirements for application to forge hammers are examined through experiments performed on a laboratory test structure and a forge hammer column. The results indicate that a single, well-placed transducer may be sufficient to characterize the sound radiation from a monolithic element. Part II of this article analyzes the application of the techniques to a Chambersburg #8 die forger under production conditions. The experimental results indicate that the ram is the dominant source of sound energy, the columns are secondary sources, and the yoke and anvil are minor sources when detected through a microphone at the operator's position.

    AB - The application of multiple input models to analyze structurally generated noise from a forge hammer is discussed. Part I of this article is intended to present the rationale for application and analysis of multiple input models for noise source identification. The development of the empirical models is reviewed and investigated to show how the terms in the model can be interpreted to mathematically simulate the selective wrapping approach to source identification. The interaction of the structural excitation forces and radiated structural noise is examined for a four-piece forge hammer and provides an indication of the characteristic measurements needed to develop the multiple input model that is representative of the hammer's sound radiation. The transducer requirements for application to forge hammers are examined through experiments performed on a laboratory test structure and a forge hammer column. The results indicate that a single, well-placed transducer may be sufficient to characterize the sound radiation from a monolithic element. Part II of this article analyzes the application of the techniques to a Chambersburg #8 die forger under production conditions. The experimental results indicate that the ram is the dominant source of sound energy, the columns are secondary sources, and the yoke and anvil are minor sources when detected through a microphone at the operator's position.

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