Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change

Douglas J. Kennett, Sebastian F.M. Breitenbach, Valorie V. Aquino, Yemane Asmerom, Jaime Awe, James U.L. Baldini, Patrick Bartlein, Brendan J. Culleton, Claire Ebert, Christopher Jazwa, Martha J. Macri, Norbert Marwan, Victor Polyak, Keith M. Prufer, Harriet E. Ridley, Harald Sodemann, Bruce Winterhalder, Gerald H. Haug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

241 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of climate change in the development and demise of Classic Maya civilization (300 to 1000 C.E.) remains controversial because of the absence of well-dated climate and archaeological sequences. We present a precisely dated subannual climate record for the past 2000 years from Yok Balum Cave, Belize. From comparison of this record with historical events compiled from well-dated stone monuments, we propose that anomalously high rainfall favored unprecedented population expansion and the proliferation of political centers between 440 and 660 C.E. This was followed by a drying trend between 660 and 1000 C.E. that triggered the balkanization of polities, increased warfare, and the asynchronous disintegration of polities, followed by population collapse in the context of an extended drought between 1020 and 1100 C.E.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)788-791
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume338
Issue number6108
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2012

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Political Systems
Climate Change
Climate
Belize
Civilization
Droughts
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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Kennett, D. J., Breitenbach, S. F. M., Aquino, V. V., Asmerom, Y., Awe, J., Baldini, J. U. L., ... Haug, G. H. (2012). Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change. Science, 338(6108), 788-791. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1226299
Kennett, Douglas J. ; Breitenbach, Sebastian F.M. ; Aquino, Valorie V. ; Asmerom, Yemane ; Awe, Jaime ; Baldini, James U.L. ; Bartlein, Patrick ; Culleton, Brendan J. ; Ebert, Claire ; Jazwa, Christopher ; Macri, Martha J. ; Marwan, Norbert ; Polyak, Victor ; Prufer, Keith M. ; Ridley, Harriet E. ; Sodemann, Harald ; Winterhalder, Bruce ; Haug, Gerald H. / Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change. In: Science. 2012 ; Vol. 338, No. 6108. pp. 788-791.
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Kennett, DJ, Breitenbach, SFM, Aquino, VV, Asmerom, Y, Awe, J, Baldini, JUL, Bartlein, P, Culleton, BJ, Ebert, C, Jazwa, C, Macri, MJ, Marwan, N, Polyak, V, Prufer, KM, Ridley, HE, Sodemann, H, Winterhalder, B & Haug, GH 2012, 'Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change', Science, vol. 338, no. 6108, pp. 788-791. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1226299

Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change. / Kennett, Douglas J.; Breitenbach, Sebastian F.M.; Aquino, Valorie V.; Asmerom, Yemane; Awe, Jaime; Baldini, James U.L.; Bartlein, Patrick; Culleton, Brendan J.; Ebert, Claire; Jazwa, Christopher; Macri, Martha J.; Marwan, Norbert; Polyak, Victor; Prufer, Keith M.; Ridley, Harriet E.; Sodemann, Harald; Winterhalder, Bruce; Haug, Gerald H.

In: Science, Vol. 338, No. 6108, 09.11.2012, p. 788-791.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Prufer, Keith M.

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Kennett DJ, Breitenbach SFM, Aquino VV, Asmerom Y, Awe J, Baldini JUL et al. Development and disintegration of maya political systems in response to climate change. Science. 2012 Nov 9;338(6108):788-791. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1226299