Development and evaluation of a brief questionnaire to assess dietary fat quality in low-income overweight women in the southern united states

Jennifer Kraschnewski, Alison D. Gold, Ziya Gizlice, Larry F. Johnston, Beverly A. Garcia, Carmen D. Samuel-Hodge, Thomas C. Keyserling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To develop a brief questionnaire to assess dietary fat quality, the Dietary Fat Quality Assessment (DFQA), for use in dietary counseling to reduce heart disease risk. Methods: A subsample of 120 underserved, midlife women enrolled in a randomized, controlled weight loss trial completed baseline and follow-up telephone surveys. Main outcome measures included dietary fat components (total fat, saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, monounsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids, and cholesterol). Results: Assessments of major dietary fat components using the DFQA and a food frequency questionnaire were significantly correlated, with correlation coefficients of 0.54-0.66 (P < .001). Intra-class correlation coefficients to assess reliability ranged from 0.48 to 0.59 for each of the fat components studied. Conclusions and Implications: The DFQA provides a reasonable assessment of dietary fat quality associated with coronary heart disease risk and may prove useful as a brief assessment tool to guide dietary counseling given to reduce heart disease risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-361
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

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Dietary Fats
Fats
Counseling
Heart Diseases
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Surveys and Questionnaires
Telephone
Coronary Disease
Weight Loss
Cholesterol
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Kraschnewski, Jennifer ; Gold, Alison D. ; Gizlice, Ziya ; Johnston, Larry F. ; Garcia, Beverly A. ; Samuel-Hodge, Carmen D. ; Keyserling, Thomas C. / Development and evaluation of a brief questionnaire to assess dietary fat quality in low-income overweight women in the southern united states. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 355-361.
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Development and evaluation of a brief questionnaire to assess dietary fat quality in low-income overweight women in the southern united states. / Kraschnewski, Jennifer; Gold, Alison D.; Gizlice, Ziya; Johnston, Larry F.; Garcia, Beverly A.; Samuel-Hodge, Carmen D.; Keyserling, Thomas C.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 45, No. 4, 01.07.2013, p. 355-361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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