Development and performance of an ultrawideband stepped-frequency radar for landmine and improvised explosive device (IED) detection

Brian R. Phelan, Kyle A. Gallagher, Kelly D. Sherbondy, Kenneth I. Ranney, Ram M. Narayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Under support from the Army Research Laboratory's Partnerships in Research Transition program, a stepped-frequency radar (SFR) is currently under development, which allows for manipulation of the radiated spectrum while still maintaining an effective ultra-wide bandwidth. The SFR is a vehicle-mounted forward-looking ground-penetrating radar designed for high-resolution detection of buried landmines and improvised explosive devices. The SFR can be configured to precisely excise prohibited or interfering frequency bands and also possesses frequency- hopping capabilities. This paper discusses the expected performance features of the SFR as derived from laboratory testing and characterization. Ghosts and artifacts appearing in the range profile arise from gaps in the operating band when the system is configured to omit specific frequencies. An analysis of these effects is discussed and our current solution is presented. Future prospects for the SFR are also discussed, including data collection campaigns at the Army's Adelphi Laboratory Center and the Countermine Test Site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number90
JournalSensing and Imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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