Development and Validation of a Parental Monitoring Instrument: Measuring How Parents Monitor Adolescents' Activities and Risk Behaviors

Scott A. Cottrell, Steven A. Branstetter, Lesley Cottrell, Carole V. Harris, Carrie Rishel, Bonita F. Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this article is to describe the development and validation of the Parental Monitoring Instrument (PMI). The PMI was administered to a sample of 518 parent—adolescent (aged 12 to 17 years) dyads. Initial findings provide evidence of instrument reliability and validity. The exploratory factor analysis results suggested a seven-factor solution that explained approximately 48% of the variance. An analysis of the questions reveals reasonable interpretations of the seven factors: direct, indirect, restrictive, school, health, computer, and phone monitoring. Administration of the PMI may further our understanding of how parental monitoring is associated with adolescent activities and risk behaviors, setting the stage for informed strategies to improve parent—adolescent relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-335
Number of pages8
JournalThe Family Journal
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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