Development and validation of Image Stimuli for Emotion Elicitation (ISEE): A novel affective pictorial system with test-retest repeatability

Hanjoo Kim, Xin Lu, Michael Costa, Baris Kandemir, Reginald Adams, Jr., Jia Li, James Wang, Michelle Gayle Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a novel set of pictorial stimuli for emotion elicitation. The Image Stimuli for Emotion Elicitation (ISEE), are the first set of stimuli for which there was an unbiased initial selection method and with images specifically selected for high retest correlation coefficients and high agreement across time. In order to protect against a researcher's subjective bias in screening initial pictures, we crawled 10,696 images from the biggest image hosting website (Flickr.com) based on a computational selection method. In the initial screening study, participants rated stimuli twice for emotion elicitation across a 1-week interval and 1620 images were selected based on the number of ratings of participants and retest reliability of each picture. Using this set of stimuli, a second phase of the study was conducted, again having participants rate images twice with a 1-week interval, in which we found a total of 158 unique images that elicited various levels of emotionality with both good reliability and good agreement over time. The newly developed pictorial stimuli set is expected to facilitate cumulative science on human emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-420
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume261
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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