Development and validation of sensitive method for determination of serum cotinine in smokers and nonsmokers by liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometry

John T. Bernert, Wayman E. Turner, James L. Pirkle, Connie S. Sosnoff, James R. Akins, Mary K. Waldrep, Qinghong Ann, Thomas R. Covey, Wanda E. Whitfield, Elaine W. Gunter, Barbara B. Miller, Donald G. Patterson, Larry L. Needham, W. Harry Hannon, Eric J. Sampson

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Abstract

We describe a sensitive and specific method for measuring cotinine in serum by HPLC coupled to an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometer. This method can analyze 100 samples/day on a routine basis, and its limit of detection of 50 ng/L makes it applicable to the analysis of samples from nonsmokers potentially exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Analytical accuracy has been demonstrated from the analysis of NIST cotinine standards and from comparative analyses by both the current method and gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. Precision has been examined through the repetitive analysis of a series of bench and blind QC materials. This method has been applied to the analysis of cotinine in serum samples collected as part of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2281-2291
Number of pages11
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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    Bernert, J. T., Turner, W. E., Pirkle, J. L., Sosnoff, C. S., Akins, J. R., Waldrep, M. K., Ann, Q., Covey, T. R., Whitfield, W. E., Gunter, E. W., Miller, B. B., Patterson, D. G., Needham, L. L., Hannon, W. H., & Sampson, E. J. (1997). Development and validation of sensitive method for determination of serum cotinine in smokers and nonsmokers by liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Clinical chemistry, 43(12), 2281-2291. https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/43.12.2281