Development of a high power piezoelectric characterization system and its application for resonance/antiresonance mode characterization

Seyit O. Ural, Safakcan Tuncdemir, Yuan Zhuang, Kenji Uchino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a new high power piezoelectric characterization system, and report its application for characterizing the resonance and antiresonance vibration performance in this paper. Although the traditional constant voltage measurement was improved by using a constant current measurement method, the conventional technique was still limited to the vicinity of the resonance. In order to identify a full set of high power electromechanical coupling parameters and the loss factors of a piezoelectric, both resonance and antiresonance vibration performance should be precisely measured simultaneously. However, the high power characterization across antiresonance has not been addressed previously in the literature. Our new high power characterization system reported here is capable of measuring the impedance/admittance curves by keeping the following various conditions: (1) constant voltage, (2) constant current, (3) constant vibration velocity of a piezoelectric sample, and (4) constant input power. In addition, the system is equipped with an infrared image sensor to monitor the heat generation distributed in the test sample. We demonstrated the usefulness of the new system in a rectangular piezoelectric plate in the whole frequency range including the resonance and antiresonance frequencies. The results clearly concluded that compared to the resonance mode, the antiresonance mode exhibits a higher mechanical quality factor QM and the same vibration amplitude/velocity under a smaller input electrical power and lower heat generation. This may suggest a superiority of the antiresonance mode usage to the resonance mode from the high power application viewpoint (i.e., ultrasonic motors, transformers).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565091-565095
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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vibration
heat generation
Heat generation
Vibrations (mechanical)
Electromechanical coupling
Voltage measurement
Electric current measurement
electrical impedance
Image sensors
transformers
electrical measurement
Q factors
ultrasonics
frequency ranges
Ultrasonics
impedance
Infrared radiation
sensors
Electric potential
electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Development of a high power piezoelectric characterization system and its application for resonance/antiresonance mode characterization",
abstract = "We developed a new high power piezoelectric characterization system, and report its application for characterizing the resonance and antiresonance vibration performance in this paper. Although the traditional constant voltage measurement was improved by using a constant current measurement method, the conventional technique was still limited to the vicinity of the resonance. In order to identify a full set of high power electromechanical coupling parameters and the loss factors of a piezoelectric, both resonance and antiresonance vibration performance should be precisely measured simultaneously. However, the high power characterization across antiresonance has not been addressed previously in the literature. Our new high power characterization system reported here is capable of measuring the impedance/admittance curves by keeping the following various conditions: (1) constant voltage, (2) constant current, (3) constant vibration velocity of a piezoelectric sample, and (4) constant input power. In addition, the system is equipped with an infrared image sensor to monitor the heat generation distributed in the test sample. We demonstrated the usefulness of the new system in a rectangular piezoelectric plate in the whole frequency range including the resonance and antiresonance frequencies. The results clearly concluded that compared to the resonance mode, the antiresonance mode exhibits a higher mechanical quality factor QM and the same vibration amplitude/velocity under a smaller input electrical power and lower heat generation. This may suggest a superiority of the antiresonance mode usage to the resonance mode from the high power application viewpoint (i.e., ultrasonic motors, transformers).",
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Development of a high power piezoelectric characterization system and its application for resonance/antiresonance mode characterization. / Ural, Seyit O.; Tuncdemir, Safakcan; Zhuang, Yuan; Uchino, Kenji.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 48, No. 5, 01.05.2009, p. 565091-565095.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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