Introduction: Trauma remains a leading cause of death and disability in the world, and trauma systems decrease mortality from trauma. We developed the Global Trauma System Evaluation Tool (G-TSET) specifically for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA) in the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) desires a military trauma system (MTS) which allowed us to pilot the G-TSET.
Methods: The G-TSET was developed by modifying key components of a trauma system applicable to LMICs. We partnered with the SPLA Medical Corps using clinical collaboration, direct observation, and discussion groups. Benchmarks and indicators were scored with 5 indicating full capability and 1 meaning not present and were used to develop a SPLA MTS plan.
Results: The overall MTS score was 1.15 indicating an urgent need for system development. The assessment highlighted the need for SPLA Command support. Battlefield care, transport to a trauma facility, and inter-facility communication were identified for improvement. After essential battlefield care, consisting primarily of bandaging and splinting, transport times for injured SPLA soldiers were 12 h to 3 days by truck. Based on our findings, we collaborated with SPLA medical leadership to develop a plan to develop a formal MTS.
Conclusion: We piloted a novel trauma system assessment tool for the MTS in the RSS. Qualitatively, we identified gaps in the MTS and provided the medical leadership with a plan for improvement. We anticipate a short-term follow-up to quantify improvement, and we seek to validate this tool for use in other countries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine