The genomic clone RG64, which is tightly linked to the blast resistance gene Pi-2(t) in rice, provides means to perform marker-aided selection in a rice breeding program. The objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of generating a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based polymorphic marker that can distinguish the blast resistant gene, Pi-2(t), and susceptible genotypes within cultivated rice. RG64 was sequenced, and the sequence data was used to design pairs of specific primers for (PCR) amplification of genomic DNA from rice varieties differing in their blast disease responsiveness. The amplified products, known as sequenced-tagged-sites (STSs), were not polymorphic between the three varieties examined. However, cleavage of the amplified products with the restriction enzyme HaeIII generated a polymorphic fragment, known as specific amplicon polymorphism (SAP), between the resistant and the susceptible genotypes. To examine the power of the identified SAP marker in predicting the genotype of the Pi-2 (t) locus, we determined the genotypes of the F2 individuals at this locus by performing progeny testing for the disease response in the F3 generation. The results indicated an accuracy of more than 95% in identifying the resistant plants, which was similar to that using RG64 as the hybridization probe. The identification of the resistant homozygous plants increased to 100% when the markers flanking the genes were considered simultaneously. These results demonstrate the utility of SAP markers as simple and yet reliable landmarks for use in marker-assisted selection and breeding within cultivated rice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science