Development of an ergonomic four-finger-push manual pipette design

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The purpose of this study was to develop a new pipette design in which the pipette is operated by four fingers, taking into account the anatomy and anthropometry of the hand. The proposed new pipette designs were compared with a traditional thumb-push pipette based on muscle activity, wrist posture, subjective discomfort ratings for upper extremities, and user preference. The results of the study revealed that the four-finger, ergonomic pipette design reduced muscle exertion (25% reduction for aspiration and 35% reduction for dispensing), awkward wrist posture (33% reduction in wrist flexion, radial and ulnar deviation), and perceived discomfort in the wrist, hand and lower arm. Furthermore, most participants (9 of 10) who used a pipette in their daily work preferred the new pipette designs to a traditional thumb-push pipette design. Thus, we expect that this study will contribute to the reduction of WMSDs risk factors and pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103045
JournalApplied Ergonomics
StatePublished - May 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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