Development of biodegradable polymer composites

Long Jiang, Meng Hsin Tsai, Scott Anderson, Michael P. Wolcott, Jinwen Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a biodegradable polyester produced directly through biological processes by bacteria. Production of pure PHB requires extraction of PHB from bacterial cells and subsequent purification, both of which have substantial environmental impacts. Direct processing of PHB-laden cells as a component in a polymer composite is a solution to this issue. This research developed a wood plastic composite (WPC) comprising PHB, bacterial cell debris (cell mass), and wood fiber using an extrusion-injection molding two-step process and a direct extrusion process. Processing condition study showed that the ternary composite could be produced using common plastic processing methods. Mechanical and water resistance tests demonstrated that optimized formulations of the composite possessed properties comparable to or even better than those of a commercial WPC. The contribution of the cell mass to composite properties was identified and its mechanisms were determined. Interfacial bonding between the wood fiber and PHB was found to be important to mechanical properties and water resistance of the composite and it could be effectively improved by a coupling agent. This research demonstrated technical and economic viability of industrial production of the PHB based WPC by directly extruding PHB-laden bacterial cells with wood fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Fibers from Forest Biomass
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages367-391
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9780841226432
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume1067
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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