Development of coal-based jet fuel

Caroline Elaine Clifford, Harold H. Schobert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We are developing coal-to-liquid processes that differ from traditional direct and indirect liquefaction. Notably, they could be used to introduce coal-derived chemicals or coal into existing oil refinery operations. The present aim of this work is to develop a coal-based replacement for conventional jet fuel. One process involves blending naphthalene-indene products into light cycle oil, followed by hydrotreatment and fractionation. Sources of these materials could be coal tar from coke plans, tar from gasification, or solvent extracts of coals. Pilot-scale testing of this process indicates that a prototype fuel meets most of the current specifications for JP-8. Combustion tests in a turboshaft engine show emissions to be generally comparable to those from control experiments with JP-8. The second process involves addition of pulverized bituminous coal to the decant oil or atmospheric resid feed to a delayed coker. The liquid from the coker would be hydrotreated and fractionated to provide the desired products. The coke by-product has potential value as, for example, filler for the production of synthetic molded graphites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 31 2007
Event234th ACS National Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 19 2007Aug 23 2007

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other234th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/19/078/23/07

Fingerprint

Coal
Jet fuel
Oils
Coke
Coal Tar
Tars
Liquids
Liquefaction
Fractionation
Gasification
Byproducts
Fillers
Engines
Specifications
Testing
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Clifford, C. E., & Schobert, H. H. (2007). Development of coal-based jet fuel. In 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
Clifford, Caroline Elaine ; Schobert, Harold H. / Development of coal-based jet fuel. 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
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Clifford, CE & Schobert, HH 2007, Development of coal-based jet fuel. in 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, 8/19/07.

Development of coal-based jet fuel. / Clifford, Caroline Elaine; Schobert, Harold H.

234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Clifford CE, Schobert HH. Development of coal-based jet fuel. In 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).