Development of envelope protection systems for rotorcraft

Joseph Francis Horn, Anthony J. Calise, J. V.R. Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modern rotorcraft are constrained by complex flight envelopes. Simplified operational envelopes restrict the true maneuvering performance of the aircraft. Tactile cueing systems can be used to protect against envelope violations and provide carefree handling qualities, but require algorithms to detect approaching limits before they are exceeded. Dynamic trim estimation using neural networks is an effective method for detecting limits that are reached in quasi-steady flight. The present study extends this method to include adaptation to variations in weight and balance parameters or modeling errors. The system is applied to provide angle of attack and load factor protection on the XV-15. A modified algorithm is developed to provide envelope cueing for parameters that impinge on limits in the transient response and is applied to limit longitudinal flapping on the XV-15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2025-2036
Number of pages12
JournalAnnual Forum Proceedings - American Helicopter Society
Volume2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 55th Annual Forum of the American Helicopter Society, FORUM 55 - Montreal, Que., Can
Duration: May 25 1999May 27 1999

Fingerprint

flight
Flight envelopes
Angle of attack
Transient analysis
neural network
aircraft
Aircraft
Neural networks
performance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transportation
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Development of envelope protection systems for rotorcraft",
abstract = "Modern rotorcraft are constrained by complex flight envelopes. Simplified operational envelopes restrict the true maneuvering performance of the aircraft. Tactile cueing systems can be used to protect against envelope violations and provide carefree handling qualities, but require algorithms to detect approaching limits before they are exceeded. Dynamic trim estimation using neural networks is an effective method for detecting limits that are reached in quasi-steady flight. The present study extends this method to include adaptation to variations in weight and balance parameters or modeling errors. The system is applied to provide angle of attack and load factor protection on the XV-15. A modified algorithm is developed to provide envelope cueing for parameters that impinge on limits in the transient response and is applied to limit longitudinal flapping on the XV-15.",
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Development of envelope protection systems for rotorcraft. / Horn, Joseph Francis; Calise, Anthony J.; Prasad, J. V.R.

In: Annual Forum Proceedings - American Helicopter Society, Vol. 2, 01.01.1999, p. 2025-2036.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Calise, Anthony J.

AU - Prasad, J. V.R.

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