Development of finite-element modeling approach for lateral load analysis of dry-glazed curtain walls

Ali M. Memari, Ali Shirazi, Paul A. Kremer, Richard A. Behr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a finite-element modeling option to provide an analytical approach for a seismic analysis of dry-glazed curtain-wall systems. In this modeling approach, Ansys finite-element software was used to model the glass panel, aluminum glazing frame, perimeter rubber gaskets, rubber setting and side blocks, glass-to-frame clearances, and glass-to-frame contact once the clearance was overcome by in-plane drift. The results of the finite-element modeling of the curtain-wall system were compared with full-scale laboratory test results. The effect of some of the parameters such as gasket friction and aspect ratio were evaluated. The study showed that finite-element modeling is a viable approach for analytical evaluation of curtain walls. The modeling can function to predict the drift associated with glass-panel cracking. Further refinement of the modeling approach developed can increase the accuracy of the prediction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Architectural Engineering
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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