Development of micro direct methanol fuel cells for high power applications

G. Q. Lu, C. Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

A micro direct methanol fuel cell (μDMFC) with active area of 1.625 cm2 has been developed for high power portable applications and its electrochemical characterization carried out in this study. The fragility of the silicon wafer makes it difficult to compress the cell for good sealing and hence to reduce contact resistance in the Si-based μDMFC. We have instead used very thin stainless steel plates as bipolar plates with the flow field machined by photochemical etching technology. For both anode and cathode flow fields, widths of both the channel and rib were 750 μm, with a channel depth of 500 μm. A gold layer was deposited on the stainless steel plate to prevent corrosion. This study used an advanced MEA developed in-house featuring a modified anode backing structure with a compact microporous layer. Maximum power density of the micro DMFC reached 62.5 mW cm-2 at 40 °C, and 100 mW cm-2 at 60 °C at atmospheric pressure, which almost doubled the performance of our previous Si-based μDMFC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-145
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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