Development of nano nickel-based sorbent for ultra-deep desulfurization of ultra low sulfur diesel for fuel cell applications

Cigdem S. Shalaby, Ma Xiaoliang, Chunshan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

A novel nickel-based sorbent for the reactive adsorption desulfurization of diesel fuel was developed by the incipient wetness impregnation of nickel on mesoporous silica, MCM-48, and evaluated in a fixed-bed flow sorption system at 200 °C using a commercial ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) with sulfur content of 15 ppmw. The prepared sorbent with 20 % nickel loading on MCM-48 showed the excellent sorption performance, as the loaded nickel highly dispersed on the MCM-48 with the average nickel particle size of 2.5 nm. A breakthrough capacity of 2.1 mg-S/g-sorb at a breakthrough sulfur level of 1 ppmw was obtained. The desulfurization reactivity of the alkyl DBTs on the nickel-based sorbents is dependent on not only the number, but also the size of the alkyl substituents at the 4- and 6-positions of DBTs. Among all sulfur compounds, 4,6-DEDBT shows the lowest reactivity, due to the strong steric hindrance of the two ethyl groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2010Aug 26 2010

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Desulfurization
Sorbents
Nickel
Sulfur
Fuel cells
Multicarrier modulation
Sorption
Sulfur Compounds
Sulfur compounds
Diesel fuels
Impregnation
Silicon Dioxide
Particle size
Silica
Adsorption

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{42f3fb230b1d4380a678001a2c692a21,
title = "Development of nano nickel-based sorbent for ultra-deep desulfurization of ultra low sulfur diesel for fuel cell applications",
abstract = "A novel nickel-based sorbent for the reactive adsorption desulfurization of diesel fuel was developed by the incipient wetness impregnation of nickel on mesoporous silica, MCM-48, and evaluated in a fixed-bed flow sorption system at 200 °C using a commercial ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) with sulfur content of 15 ppmw. The prepared sorbent with 20 {\%} nickel loading on MCM-48 showed the excellent sorption performance, as the loaded nickel highly dispersed on the MCM-48 with the average nickel particle size of 2.5 nm. A breakthrough capacity of 2.1 mg-S/g-sorb at a breakthrough sulfur level of 1 ppmw was obtained. The desulfurization reactivity of the alkyl DBTs on the nickel-based sorbents is dependent on not only the number, but also the size of the alkyl substituents at the 4- and 6-positions of DBTs. Among all sulfur compounds, 4,6-DEDBT shows the lowest reactivity, due to the strong steric hindrance of the two ethyl groups.",
author = "Shalaby, {Cigdem S.} and Ma Xiaoliang and Chunshan Song",
year = "2010",
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journal = "ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts",
issn = "0065-7727",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of nano nickel-based sorbent for ultra-deep desulfurization of ultra low sulfur diesel for fuel cell applications

AU - Shalaby, Cigdem S.

AU - Xiaoliang, Ma

AU - Song, Chunshan

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - A novel nickel-based sorbent for the reactive adsorption desulfurization of diesel fuel was developed by the incipient wetness impregnation of nickel on mesoporous silica, MCM-48, and evaluated in a fixed-bed flow sorption system at 200 °C using a commercial ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) with sulfur content of 15 ppmw. The prepared sorbent with 20 % nickel loading on MCM-48 showed the excellent sorption performance, as the loaded nickel highly dispersed on the MCM-48 with the average nickel particle size of 2.5 nm. A breakthrough capacity of 2.1 mg-S/g-sorb at a breakthrough sulfur level of 1 ppmw was obtained. The desulfurization reactivity of the alkyl DBTs on the nickel-based sorbents is dependent on not only the number, but also the size of the alkyl substituents at the 4- and 6-positions of DBTs. Among all sulfur compounds, 4,6-DEDBT shows the lowest reactivity, due to the strong steric hindrance of the two ethyl groups.

AB - A novel nickel-based sorbent for the reactive adsorption desulfurization of diesel fuel was developed by the incipient wetness impregnation of nickel on mesoporous silica, MCM-48, and evaluated in a fixed-bed flow sorption system at 200 °C using a commercial ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) with sulfur content of 15 ppmw. The prepared sorbent with 20 % nickel loading on MCM-48 showed the excellent sorption performance, as the loaded nickel highly dispersed on the MCM-48 with the average nickel particle size of 2.5 nm. A breakthrough capacity of 2.1 mg-S/g-sorb at a breakthrough sulfur level of 1 ppmw was obtained. The desulfurization reactivity of the alkyl DBTs on the nickel-based sorbents is dependent on not only the number, but also the size of the alkyl substituents at the 4- and 6-positions of DBTs. Among all sulfur compounds, 4,6-DEDBT shows the lowest reactivity, due to the strong steric hindrance of the two ethyl groups.

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