Developmental pathways of externalizing behavior from preschool age to adolescence: An application of general growth mixture modeling

Mark Stemmler, Friedrich Lösel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study applies a developmental and life-course perspective on the data of the Erlangen-Nuremberg Development and Prevention Study (ENDPS; Lösel, Stemmler, Jaursch, and Beelmann, Monatsschrift für Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform 92:289–308, 2009) to find interindividual differences in intraindividual change of externalizing problem behavior. Based on a sample of N D541 boys and girls, general growth mixture modeling (GGMM; Nagin, Psychological Methods 4:139–177, 1999; McArdle, The handbook of research methods in developmental psychology. New York: Blackwell Publishers, 2005) was applied. In a prospective longitudinal design measurements with multiple informants were analyzed from preschool to adolescence. The results of the GGMM showed five groups representing different developmental trajectories: (1) “high-chronics” (2.4 %; n = 13), who had the highest scores of externalizing behavior at all times; (2) “low-chronics” (58.8 %; n = 317) who were low on externalizing behavior throughout the years; (3) “high-reducers” (7.9 %; n = 43) who started out high, but reduced their externalizing behavior monotonically over time; (4) “late-startersmedium” who increased externalizing problems at later age (8.7 %; n = 47); and (5) “medium-reducers” whose problems decreased from an originally medium level (22.4 %; n = 121). The results are in accordance with international studies on developmental trajectories of offending and suggest that a perspective on a broad range of behavioral problems can be fruitful. The findings are discussed with regard to other studies on latent group-based modeling, non-statistical taxonomies, and practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDependent Data in Social Sciences Research
Subtitle of host publicationForms, Issues, and Methods of Analysis
EditorsWolfgang Wiedermann, Alexander von Eye, Mark Stemmler
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages91-106
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783319205847
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventInternational Conference on Dependent Data in Social Sciences Research Forms, Issues, and Methods of Analysis, 2013 - Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
Duration: Dec 6 2013Dec 7 2013

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics
Volume145
ISSN (Print)2194-1009
ISSN (Electronic)2194-1017

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Dependent Data in Social Sciences Research Forms, Issues, and Methods of Analysis, 2013
CountryGermany
CityErlangen-Nuremberg
Period12/6/1312/7/13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics(all)

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