Diabetic retinopathy

Kimberly Neely, David Quillen, A. P. Schachat, T. W. Gardner, G. W. Blankenship

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy may cause visual loss when associated with macular edema or macular ischemia (secondary to retinal capillary nonperfusion). Proliferative diabetic retinopathy may cause severe visual loss if complicated by vitreous hemorrhage or traction detachment of the macula. Patients with diabetes benefit from collaboration between the internist and ophthalmologist. Tighter control of blood glucose levels and lower blood pressure reduce the risk of progression of diabetic retinopathy. Regular dilated eye examinations and appropriate intervention with laser or vitrectomy surgery help to preserve vision in patients with established macular edema or proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-876
Number of pages30
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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