Diagnostic utility of the learning disability index

Marley W. Watkins, Joseph C. Kush, Barbara Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Learning Disability Index (LDI) is one of many diagnostic indicators proposed for the identification of students with learning disabilities that relies on patterns of performance on cognitive tests. The LDI is hypothesized to relate to students' specific neuropsychological deficits. The present study investigated the diagnostic utility of the LDI with the third edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children by comparing students previously diagnosed with learning disabilities (n = 2,053) to students without learning disabilities (n = 2,200). Subsamples of youth with specific reading (n = 445) and math (n = 168) disabilities permitted further assessment of the efficacy of the LDI. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves revealed that the LDI resulted in a correct diagnostic decision only 55% to 64% of the time. These results demonstrate that the LDI is not a valid diagnostic indicator of learning disabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Learning Disabilities
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Learning Disorders
learning disability
diagnostic
Students
student
Wechsler Scales
Intelligence
ROC Curve
edition
Reading
intelligence
deficit
recipient
disability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Watkins, Marley W. ; Kush, Joseph C. ; Schaefer, Barbara. / Diagnostic utility of the learning disability index. In: Journal of Learning Disabilities. 2002 ; Vol. 35, No. 2.
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Diagnostic utility of the learning disability index. / Watkins, Marley W.; Kush, Joseph C.; Schaefer, Barbara.

In: Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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