Did major changes in the stable-isotope composition of Proterozoic seawater occur?

J. W. Burdett, J. P. Grotzinger, M. A. Arthur

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68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early Proterozoic marine carbonates of the Rocknest Formation (1.93-1.89 Ga) have very depleted δ 18 O values (about 8‰) relative to younger, Late Proterozoic marine carbonates that formed in similar depositional environments. Two isotopic trends are superimposed on the data for open-marine components. The first involves stabilization of tidal-flat sediments during early, possibly reflux-type dolomitization by evaporative pore fluids enriched in δ 18 O The second trend toward isotopically light δ 18 O values was established during dolomitization of open-marine facies in contact either with meteoric waters (mixing zone) or under conditions of higher temperatures during burial. This resulted in precipitation of blocky, pore-occluding cements. The isotopically most enriched ooids are the best preserved normal marine components and may suggest that the δ 18 O of seawater was about -9.75‰ ±1.0‰ (SMOW) at 1.9 Ga. This composition would require a major change in the balance of high-temperature oxygen isotopic exchange between seawater and basalt and low-temperature weathering in order to explain the 8‰ positive shift in inferred seawater δ 18 O between 1.9 and 1.0 Ga. Alternatively, the depleted δ 18 O values represent an approximately 30-35 °C higher temperature of surface waters at 1.9 Ga. The heaviest carbonate δ 13 C values are +1.75permil;, more enriched than previously reported for the Early Proterozoic on the basis of bulk-rock data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-230
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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