Barium titanate hafnate (BaTi1-xHfxO3, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) thin films have been deposited by a chemical solution method on copper foil substrates. The films were crystallized at 900 °C and in a reducing atmosphere to prevent substrate oxidation. Perovskite phase formation was identified for each composition, accompanied by an increased pseudocubic lattice parameter. Temperature dependent dielectric measurements revealed a decreasing phase transition temperature and peak permittivity with increasing hafnium level. The decrease in permittivity resulted from grain size reduction with increasing hafnium content. Compositions containing 25 mol% barium hafnate display a deviation from Curie-Weiss behavior indicating the onset of relaxor behavior.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry