Dielectrophoretic assembly of lead zirconate titanate microtubes

V. Koval, S. S.N. Bharadwaja, M. Li, T. S. Mayer, S. Trolier-Mckinstry

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Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) microtubes were assembled onto pre-patterned substrates using dielectrophoresis of a colloidal suspension of microtubes dispersed in isopropyl alcohol. High aspect ratio tubes with an outer diameter of 2 μm and length of about 30 μm were prepared by vacuum infiltration of mesoporous silicon templates. An interdigitated electrode structure with gap sizes ranging from 2 μm to 15 μm was patterned on a silicon substrate via conventional lithography. This allowed a non-uniform alternating electric field to be generated. The influence of the electrode gap along with the effects of the waveform, amplitude and frequency of an applied signal on the dielectrophoretic assembly of PZT microtubes was investigated. A square wave signal of 5 Vrms and 10 Hz was found to be the most effective in assembling the microtubes on a 12 μm electrode gap. The results show potential for the dielectrophoretic technique in realizing integrated 3D devices using the high aspect ratio piezoelectric tube structures as building blocks

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1990-1993
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Communications
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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