Diesel and damper: Changes in seed use and mobility patterns following contact amongst the Martu of Western Australia

David W. Zeanah, Brian F. Codding, Douglas Warren Bird, Rebecca Bliege Bird, Peter M. Veth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seed-reliant, hunting and gathering economies persisted in arid Australia until the mid-twentieth century when Aboriginal foragers dropped seeds from their diets. Explanations posed to account for this "de-intensification" of seed use mix functional rationales (such as dietary breadth contraction as predicted by the prey choice model) with proximate causes (substitution with milled flour). Martu people of the Western Desert used small seeds until relatively recently (ca. 1990) with a subsequent shift to a less "intensive" foraging economy. Here we examine contemporary Martu foraging practices to evaluate different explanations for the dietary shift and find evidence that it resulted from a more subtle interaction of technology, travel, burning practices, and handling costs than captured solely by the prey choice model. These results have implications for understanding the roles of mobility, aggregation behavior, sexual division of labor, and seed use in the broad-spectrum revolutions of arid Australia and the Western United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-62
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
Volume39
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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Seed
contact
economy
division of labor
desert
aggregation
substitution
twentieth century
travel
cause
costs
interaction
evidence
Nutrition
Substitution reactions
Agglomeration
Foraging
Economy
Western Australia
Prey Choice

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

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Diesel and damper : Changes in seed use and mobility patterns following contact amongst the Martu of Western Australia. / Zeanah, David W.; Codding, Brian F.; Bird, Douglas Warren; Bliege Bird, Rebecca; Veth, Peter M.

In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 39, 01.09.2015, p. 51-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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