Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children

M. J. Sigman-Grant, S. Zimmerman, Penny Margaret Kris-Etherton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of applying different fat reduction strategies to the overall nutrient profile of diets for preschool-age children. Design. Computer modeling techniques were used to modify the diets of children (ages 2 through 3 and 4 through 5 years old) to meet contemporary dietary recommendations (<30% of calories from total fat, <10% from saturated fatty acids, and <300 mg of cholesterol daily). Fat reduction strategies were applied to a 1-week menu that included preschoolers' favorite foods. Strategies applied were replacing high-fat meat exchanges with lean meat exchanges (± three high-fat meat exchanges per week), replacing higher fat milks with skim milk, replacing high-fat meat exchanges with medium-fat meat exchanges, using fat-modified products, using low-fat preparation techniques, and added fat. All diets were made isocaloric after modifications were applied. Results. It is more difficult to meet all recommendations for the 2- and 3-year-old children. Use of skim milk is the simplest strategy to use for the 4- and 5-year-old children, although other single strategies are effective. Conclusions. When multiple strategies are effected, some diets are very low in fat (<20% of calories) and potentially inadequate in energy and nutrients. It is important that caregivers know the appropriate foods to choose when modifying fat in children's diets to ensure meeting energy and nutrient requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-960
Number of pages6
JournalPediatrics
Volume91
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - May 10 1993

Fingerprint

Preschool Children
Fats
Meat
Diet
Food
Milk
Caregivers
Fatty Acids
Cholesterol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Sigman-Grant, M. J. ; Zimmerman, S. ; Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret. / Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children. In: Pediatrics. 1993 ; Vol. 91, No. 5 I. pp. 955-960.
@article{4294b1fc99904945ac6d1b88f66cdb3b,
title = "Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children",
abstract = "Study objective. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of applying different fat reduction strategies to the overall nutrient profile of diets for preschool-age children. Design. Computer modeling techniques were used to modify the diets of children (ages 2 through 3 and 4 through 5 years old) to meet contemporary dietary recommendations (<30{\%} of calories from total fat, <10{\%} from saturated fatty acids, and <300 mg of cholesterol daily). Fat reduction strategies were applied to a 1-week menu that included preschoolers' favorite foods. Strategies applied were replacing high-fat meat exchanges with lean meat exchanges (± three high-fat meat exchanges per week), replacing higher fat milks with skim milk, replacing high-fat meat exchanges with medium-fat meat exchanges, using fat-modified products, using low-fat preparation techniques, and added fat. All diets were made isocaloric after modifications were applied. Results. It is more difficult to meet all recommendations for the 2- and 3-year-old children. Use of skim milk is the simplest strategy to use for the 4- and 5-year-old children, although other single strategies are effective. Conclusions. When multiple strategies are effected, some diets are very low in fat (<20{\%} of calories) and potentially inadequate in energy and nutrients. It is important that caregivers know the appropriate foods to choose when modifying fat in children's diets to ensure meeting energy and nutrient requirements.",
author = "Sigman-Grant, {M. J.} and S. Zimmerman and Kris-Etherton, {Penny Margaret}",
year = "1993",
month = "5",
day = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
pages = "955--960",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "5 I",

}

Sigman-Grant, MJ, Zimmerman, S & Kris-Etherton, PM 1993, 'Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children', Pediatrics, vol. 91, no. 5 I, pp. 955-960.

Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children. / Sigman-Grant, M. J.; Zimmerman, S.; Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 91, No. 5 I, 10.05.1993, p. 955-960.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary approaches for reducing fat intake of preschool-age children

AU - Sigman-Grant, M. J.

AU - Zimmerman, S.

AU - Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret

PY - 1993/5/10

Y1 - 1993/5/10

N2 - Study objective. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of applying different fat reduction strategies to the overall nutrient profile of diets for preschool-age children. Design. Computer modeling techniques were used to modify the diets of children (ages 2 through 3 and 4 through 5 years old) to meet contemporary dietary recommendations (<30% of calories from total fat, <10% from saturated fatty acids, and <300 mg of cholesterol daily). Fat reduction strategies were applied to a 1-week menu that included preschoolers' favorite foods. Strategies applied were replacing high-fat meat exchanges with lean meat exchanges (± three high-fat meat exchanges per week), replacing higher fat milks with skim milk, replacing high-fat meat exchanges with medium-fat meat exchanges, using fat-modified products, using low-fat preparation techniques, and added fat. All diets were made isocaloric after modifications were applied. Results. It is more difficult to meet all recommendations for the 2- and 3-year-old children. Use of skim milk is the simplest strategy to use for the 4- and 5-year-old children, although other single strategies are effective. Conclusions. When multiple strategies are effected, some diets are very low in fat (<20% of calories) and potentially inadequate in energy and nutrients. It is important that caregivers know the appropriate foods to choose when modifying fat in children's diets to ensure meeting energy and nutrient requirements.

AB - Study objective. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of applying different fat reduction strategies to the overall nutrient profile of diets for preschool-age children. Design. Computer modeling techniques were used to modify the diets of children (ages 2 through 3 and 4 through 5 years old) to meet contemporary dietary recommendations (<30% of calories from total fat, <10% from saturated fatty acids, and <300 mg of cholesterol daily). Fat reduction strategies were applied to a 1-week menu that included preschoolers' favorite foods. Strategies applied were replacing high-fat meat exchanges with lean meat exchanges (± three high-fat meat exchanges per week), replacing higher fat milks with skim milk, replacing high-fat meat exchanges with medium-fat meat exchanges, using fat-modified products, using low-fat preparation techniques, and added fat. All diets were made isocaloric after modifications were applied. Results. It is more difficult to meet all recommendations for the 2- and 3-year-old children. Use of skim milk is the simplest strategy to use for the 4- and 5-year-old children, although other single strategies are effective. Conclusions. When multiple strategies are effected, some diets are very low in fat (<20% of calories) and potentially inadequate in energy and nutrients. It is important that caregivers know the appropriate foods to choose when modifying fat in children's diets to ensure meeting energy and nutrient requirements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027418376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027418376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8474816

AN - SCOPUS:0027418376

VL - 91

SP - 955

EP - 960

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 5 I

ER -