We compared the dietary intake of participants with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and claudication with diet recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and dietary reference intake values recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences. Forty-six participants consumed a mean macronutrient composition of 17% protein, 51% carbohydrate, and 30% fat. Compared to the NCEP and IOM recommendations, few participants met the recommended daily intake for sodium (0%), vitamin E (0%), folate (13%), saturated fat (20%), fiber (26%), and cholesterol (39%). Participants with PAD and claudication have poor nutrition, with diets particularly high in saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol, and low in fiber, vitamin E, and folate intakes. Participants should be encouraged to reduce consumption of dietary fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium and to increase fiber and vitamin intakes to meet recommendations of the NCEP and IOM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine