The purpose of the current study was to describe gender differences in the quality of interactions between nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and staff. Data from the Evidence Integration Triangle for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (EIT-4-BPSD) implementation study were used for the current study. A total of 535 residents (72% female and 28% male) from 55 settings were included in the analyses. The highest percentage of interactions occurred in dining rooms (38.4%) and with nursing staff (68%). There were no significant differences in the quality of staff interactions with male or female residents. Most interactions were positive social (n = 360, 71% males, 66% females), positive care (n = 312, 60% males, 58% females), or neutral (n = 123, 25% males, 22% females). There were 31 (7% males, 6% females) negative protective and 23 (3% male, 5% female) negative restrictive interactions. Future work should focus on eliminating neutral and negative interactions across both genders and address whether the gender of staff is related to the quality of staff-resident interaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes