Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) membrane anchors of Plasmodium falciparum surface proteins are thought to be important factors contributing to malaria pathogenesis, and anti-GPI antibodies have been suggested to provide protection by neutralizing the toxic activity of GPIs. In this study, IgG responses against P. falciparum GPIs and a baculovirus recombinant MSP1p19 antigen were evaluated in two distinct groups of 70 patients each, who were hospitalized with malaria. Anti-GPI IgGs were significantly lower in patients hospitalized with confirmed cerebral malaria compared to those with mild malaria (P < 0.01) but did not discriminate for fatal outcome. In contrast, a specific marker of the anti-parasite immunity, as monitored by the anti-MSP1p19 IgG response, was similar in both cerebral and mild malaria individuals, although it was significantly lower in a subgroup with fatal outcomes. These results are consistent with a potential anti-toxin role for anti-GPI antibodies associated with protection against cerebral malaria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases