Differential effects of exhaustive cycle ergometry on concentric and eccentric torque production

William J. Kraemer, David F. Gardiner, Scott E. Gordon, L. Perry Koziris, Wayne Sebastianelli, Margo Putukian, Robert U. Newton, Nicholas A. Ratamess, Jeff S. Volek, Keijo Häkkinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential differences in peak isokinetic concentric end eccentric torque following low- and high-intensity cycle exercise fatigue protocols. Ten healthy, recreationally-active men were tested in a balanced, randomized testing sequence for peak eccentric and concentric isokinetic torque (60°/sec) immediately before and after three experimental conditions each separated by 48 hours: 1) a bout of high intensity cycling consisting of a maximal 90-second sprint; 2) a bout of low-intensity cycling at 60 rpm equated for total work with the high-intensity protocol; and 3) no exercise (control bout). Blood was drawn from an antecubital vein and plasma lactate concentrations were determined immediately before and after each experimental bout. Post-exercise plasma lactate concentrations were 15.1±2.5 and 4.7±1.9 mmol·l-1, respectively, following the high- and low-intensity protocols. The high intensity exercise bout resulted in the only post-exercise decrease in concentric and eccentric isokinetic peak torque. The percent decline in maximal force production was significantly (P< 0.05) greater for concentric muscle actions compared to eccentric (29 vs 15%, respectively). In conclusion, a 90-second maximal cycling sprint results in a significant decline in maximal torque of both concentric and eccentric muscle actions with the greatest magnitude observed during concentric muscle actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-309
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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