Two cytochrome P450 alleles, CYP6A5 and CYP6A5v2, were isolated from a pyrethroid-resistant house fly stain, ALHF. The two alleles shared 98% similarity in amino acid sequence. To understand the importance of these two alleles in resistance and examine the expression profile of the two alleles between resistant and susceptible strains, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed and compared with the Northern blot analysis. We found that qRT-PCR was an efficient method to characterize the expression profiles between these two sequence-closely-related P450 genes between resistant and susceptible houses flies. One of them, CYP6A5v2, was constitutively overexpressed in ALHF house flies compared with susceptible house fly strains. Moreover, this gene was predominately expressed in the abdominal tissues of ALHF, in which the primary detoxification organs of insects are located. However, there was no significant difference in the expression of CYP6A5 between ALHF and susceptible house flies. The genetic linkage analysis was conducted to determine the possible link between the constitutively overexpressed CYP6A5v2 and insecticide resistance. CYP6A5v2 was mapped on autosome 5, which is correlated with the linkage of resistance in ALHF. Taken together, the study suggests the importance of CYP6A5v2 in increasing metabolic detoxification of insecticides in ALHF. The distinct expression of CYP6A5 and CYP6A5v2 in resistant and susceptible house flies implies the functional difference of theses two genes in house flies and suggests that they are two recently diverged P450 genes presented in a single organism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science