Two radioiodinated derivatives of forskolin, [125I]6-IHPP-Fsk and [125I]7-IHPP-Fsk, were synthesized as specific ligands for adenylyl cyclase and glucose transporter, respectively. [125I]6-IHPP-Fsk bound to bovine brain homogenates with a Kd of 9 nM and binding was inhibited by forskolin but not 1,9-dideoxyforskolin, cytochalasin B, or d-glucose. [125I]7-IHPP-Fsk bound to bovine brain homogenates at two classes of binding sites with Kd's of 56 nM and 4.7 μM; cytochalasin B and d-glucose inhibited 75% of the high affinity binding while having no effect on the low affinity binding. [125I]6-IHPP-Fsk and [125I]7-IHPP-Fsk were used to localize adenylyl cyclase and glucose transporter in rat brain by receptor autoradiography. The pattern of binding obtained with [125I]6-IHPP-Fsk was similar to that observed using [3H]forskolin to detect adenylyl cyclase. In contrast, the pattern of binding obtained with [125I]7-IHPP-Fsk was similar to that observed by others using [3H]cytochalasin B to detect glucose transporter. These iodinated ligands are selective for adenylyl cyclase and glucose transporter and require significantly shorter exposure times to yield autoradiographs than tritiated ligands.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology