Differential Regulation of c-myc and Transforming Growth Factor-α Messenger RNA Expression in Poorly Differentiated and Well-Differentiated Colon Carcinoma Cells during the Establishment of a Quiescent State

Kathleen Mulder, Kathleen M. Mulder

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Abstract

A previous report from this laboratory indicated that a transformed fibroblast cell line up-regulated c-myc by as much as 14-fold as cultures approached saturating densities, whereas the untransformed counterparts displayed little alteration in c-myc expression (Cancer Res., 49: 2320, 1989). The results suggested a mechanism for the growth advantage of the transformed cells at postconfluent densities. Similarly, the present results indicate that regulation of c-myc expression during establishment of a quiescent state markedly differed in poorly differentiated versus well-differentiated human colon carcinoma cells. While c-myc expression increased 2- to 3-fold during this period in the poorly differentiated cells, expression levels for this protooncogene showed little variation in the well-differentiated cells. There was, however, no correlation between degree of differentiation and c-myc mRNA levels in growing cultures (i.e., cells in late log phase). Another proliferation-associated mRNA, transforming growth factor a (TGF-α), was also differentially regulated in the two groups of colon carcinoma cells as cultures approached quiescence. Further, addition of exogenous growth-stimulatory factors (epidermal growth factor plus in sulin plus transferrin) to quiescent, well-differentiated cells resulted in an up-regulation of TGF-α mRNA levels by 9-fold over a 24-h period. In contrast, poorly differentiated cells displayed little alteration in TGF-α mRNA levels under similar conditions. The results suggest that inappro priate kinetic regulation of c-myc and TGF-α mKN As at quiescence may be related to the growth factor independence of the poorly differentiated colon carcinoma cells. Furthermore, altered temporal regulation of c-myc and TGF-α expression appears to be more relevant to differentiation status in human colon carcinoma cells than are absolute expression levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2256-2262
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume51
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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