Differential role of lipocalin 2 during immune complex-mediated acute and chronic inflammation in mice

Rangaiah Shashidharamurthy, Deepa MacHiah, Jesse D. Aitken, Kalyani Putty, Gayathri Srinivasan, Benoit Chassaing, Charles A. Parkos, Periasamy Selvaraj, Matam Vijay-Kumar

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Abstract

Objective Lipocalin 2 (LCN-2) is an innate immune protein that is expressed by a variety of cells and is highly up-regulated during several pathologic conditions, including immune complex (IC)-mediated inflammatory/autoimmune disorders. However, the function of LCN-2 during IC-mediated inflammation is largely unknown. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the role of LCN-2 in IC-mediated diseases. Methods The up-regulation of LCN-2 was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 3 different mouse models of IC-mediated autoimmune disease: systemic lupus erythematosus, collagen-induced arthritis, and serum-transfer arthritis. The in vivo role of LCN-2 during IC-mediated inflammation was investigated using LCN-2-knockout mice and their wild-type littermates. Results LCN-2 levels were significantly elevated in all 3 of the autoimmune disease models. Further, in an acute skin inflammation model, LCN-2-knockout mice exhibited a 50% reduction in inflammation, with histopathologic analysis revealing notably reduced immune cell infiltration as compared to wild-type mice. Administration of recombinant LCN-2 to LCN-2-knockout mice restored inflammation to levels observed in wild-type mice. Neutralization of LCN-2 using a monoclonal antibody significantly reduced inflammation in wild-type mice. In contrast, LCN-2-knockout mice developed more severe serum-induced arthritis compared to wild-type mice. Histologic analysis revealed extensive tissue and bone destruction, with significantly reduced neutrophil infiltration but considerably more macrophage migration, in LCN-2-knockout mice compared to wild-type mice. Conclusion These results demonstrate that LCN-2 may regulate immune cell recruitment to the site of inflammation, a process essential for the controlled initiation, perpetuation, and resolution of inflammatory processes. Thus, LCN-2 may present a promising target in the treatment of IC-mediated inflammatory/autoimmune diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1064-1073
Number of pages10
JournalArthritis and rheumatism
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Shashidharamurthy, R., MacHiah, D., Aitken, J. D., Putty, K., Srinivasan, G., Chassaing, B., Parkos, C. A., Selvaraj, P., & Vijay-Kumar, M. (2013). Differential role of lipocalin 2 during immune complex-mediated acute and chronic inflammation in mice. Arthritis and rheumatism, 65(4), 1064-1073. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.37840