Differentiating multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells generate factors that exert paracrine activities on exogenous MSCs: Implications for paracrine activities in bone regeneration

Feng Li, Noelle Whyte, Christopher Niyibizi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms by which multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) contribute to tissue repair following transplantation into host tissues remains poorly understood. Current concepts suggest that, in addition to differentiation into cells of the host tissues, MSCs also generate trophic factors that modulate host tissue microenvironment to aid in the repair process. In this communication, we assessed whether factors secreted by MSCs undergoing osteogenic differentiation induce expression of osteoblast markers in exogenous MSCs as well as their migration. Murine MSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium, and at different time points, medium conditioned by the cells was collected and assessed for its effects on differentiation and migration of exogenous MSCs. In addition, we determined whether MSCs infused into mice femurs expressed genes encoding for factors predicted to play a role in paracrine activities. The results showed that MSCs maintained in osteogenic medium, secreted factors at specific time points that induced alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) in exogenous MSCs as well as their migration. MSCs infused into mice femurs and retrieved at different days expressed genes that encoded predicted factors that play a role in cell differentiation and migration. Neutralizing antibodies to bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) led to the decrease in ALP activity by exogenous MSCs. These data demonstrated that, as MSCs differentiate toward osteogenic lineage, they secrete factors that induce recruitment and differentiation of endogenous progenitors. These data reveal mechanisms by which donor MSCs may contribute to the bone reparative process and provide a platform for designing approaches for stem cell therapies of musculoskeletal disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume426
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2012

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Bone Regeneration
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Bone
Tissue
Alkaline Phosphatase
Repair
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
Gene encoding
Osteoblasts
Conditioned Culture Medium
Neutralizing Antibodies
Stem cells
Genes
Femur
Communication
Cell Differentiation
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Cell Movement
Stem Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "The mechanisms by which multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) contribute to tissue repair following transplantation into host tissues remains poorly understood. Current concepts suggest that, in addition to differentiation into cells of the host tissues, MSCs also generate trophic factors that modulate host tissue microenvironment to aid in the repair process. In this communication, we assessed whether factors secreted by MSCs undergoing osteogenic differentiation induce expression of osteoblast markers in exogenous MSCs as well as their migration. Murine MSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium, and at different time points, medium conditioned by the cells was collected and assessed for its effects on differentiation and migration of exogenous MSCs. In addition, we determined whether MSCs infused into mice femurs expressed genes encoding for factors predicted to play a role in paracrine activities. The results showed that MSCs maintained in osteogenic medium, secreted factors at specific time points that induced alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) in exogenous MSCs as well as their migration. MSCs infused into mice femurs and retrieved at different days expressed genes that encoded predicted factors that play a role in cell differentiation and migration. Neutralizing antibodies to bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) led to the decrease in ALP activity by exogenous MSCs. These data demonstrated that, as MSCs differentiate toward osteogenic lineage, they secrete factors that induce recruitment and differentiation of endogenous progenitors. These data reveal mechanisms by which donor MSCs may contribute to the bone reparative process and provide a platform for designing approaches for stem cell therapies of musculoskeletal disorders.",
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