Streptococcus uberis type II has been proposed recently as a separate species designated Streptococcus parauberis (A. M. Williams and M. D. Collins, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 68:485-490, 1990). Differentiation of S. parauberis from S. uberis has been possible only by DNA-DNA hybridization or 16S rRNA sequencing, since the biochemical and serological characteristics of the two species are indistinguishable. A simple and reliable technique was developed for differentiating S. parauberis (S. uberis type II [ATCC 13386]) from S. uberis (S. uberis type I [ATCC 9927, ATCC 13387, and ATCC 27958]) by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of 1.4-kb 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Oligonucleotide primers complementary to 16S rRNA genes were used to amplify 16S ribosomal gene fragments from genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction. The 1.4-kb 16S rDNA fragment was digested with ScaI, NspI, DdeI, and AvaII restriction endonucleases. Restriction fragments produced by all four restriction endonucleases were characteristic for each species. RFLP analysis of 16S rDNA from 24 ''S. uberis'' isolates obtained from mammary secretions of dairy cows indicated that all 24 isolates were indeed S. uberis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)