We investigated a dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) mutation (F764L) in human β-cardiac myosin by determining its motor properties in the presence and absence of the heart failure drug omecamtive mecarbil (OM). The mutation is located in the converter domain, a key region of communication between the catalytic motor and lever arm in myosins, and is nearby but not directly in the OM-binding site. We expressed and purified human β-cardiac myosin subfragment 1 (M2β-S1) containing the F764L mutation, and compared it toWTwith in vitro motility as well as steady-state and transient kinetics measurements. In the absence of OM we demonstrate that the F764L mutation does not significantly change maximum actin-activated ATPase activity but slows actin sliding velocity (15%) and the actomyosin ADP release rate constant (25%). The transient kinetic analysis without OM demonstrates that F764L has a similar duty ratio as WT in unloaded conditions. OM is known to enhance force generation in cardiac muscle while it inhibits the myosin power stroke and enhances actin-attachment duration. We found that OM has a reduced impact on F764L ATPase and sliding velocity compared with WT. Specifically, the EC50 for OM induced inhibition of in vitro motility was 3-fold weaker in F764L. Also, OM reduces maximum actin-activated ATPase 2-fold in F764L, compared with 4-fold with WT. Overall, our results suggest that F764L attenuates the impact of OM on actin-attachment duration and/or the power stroke. Our work highlights the importance of mutation-specific considerations when pursuing small molecule therapies for cardiomyopathies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology