Background: A dilated epidural venous plexus (DEVP) is a rare cause of radiculopathy, back pain, cauda equina syndrome, and other neurological symptoms. This vascular mass can be secondary to inferior vena cava obstruction, portal hypertension, vascular agenesis, and hypercoagulable states. Although rare, DEVP should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients who present with lumbar radiculopathy. Case Description: We present 2 cases involving patients with lumbar DEVP as well as a literature review of the role of hypercoagulability, vascular anatomy, and inferior vena cava thrombosis in the development of DEVP. The first patient had a history of recurrent deep vein thrombosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and antiphospholipid syndrome. The diagnosis of DEVP was determined after intraoperative biopsy. The patient reported symptom resolution at her 6-month postoperative appointment. The second patient developed DEVP associated with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. She presented with back pain and leg weakness, and DEVP was diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging. A neurosurgeon is currently following the patient. We believe this is the first case of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome associated with DEVP. Conclusions: If a patient presents with an enhancing epidural lesion on magnetic resonance imaging and neurological symptoms, DEVP should be considered in the differential diagnosis. Additionally, a search for inferior vena cava thrombosis should be performed as well as risk factors for venous hypertension and hypercoagulable states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology