Viscosity and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) are both crucial properties in the design of new glasses for various applications. In this work, we extend the application of dilatometry to measure two important parameters governing the viscosity of glass-forming systems, viz., glass transition temperature and fragility index. We also describe a method to determine the dilatometric fictive temperature (Tf,DIL) and present data for five unique glass compositions covering a range of fragilities spanning 38-96, which are subjected to cooling and reheating rates in the range 1-30 K/min. The results show that the glass transition temperature obtained from the dilatometric method at 10 K/min (Tg,DIL) is consistent with both viscosity-based (Tg,vis) and DSC-based measurements (Tg,DSC). It is shown that the fragility of a liquid (mvis) can be determined by calibrating the dilatometric fragility (mDIL) with the same empirical model as in the calorimetric approach. Put together, we have developed a reliable method to measure the fragility and predict the viscosity curves of glass-forming liquids over a wide range (eg, 101-1016 Pa·s) without direct viscosity measurements, while simultaneously obtaining the CTE of the glass. However, this method is not suitable for glasses with a strong tendency toward phase separation or crystallization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry