Direct evidence of an incommensurate phase in NaNbO3 and its implication in NaNbO3-based lead-free antiferroelectrics

Hanzheng Guo, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Clive A. Randall

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Hot-stage in situ transmission electron microscopy was employed to investigate the temperature-induced complex sequence of phase transitions in NaNbO3 polycrystalline. In addition to the commonly recognized P (Pbma) → R (Pmnm) → S (Pnmm) phase transitions, incommensurate phases were observed to exist in P and R phase regions. The former (in the P → R transition region) is coincident with a diffused dielectric peak appearing at ∼170°C, and the latter (in the R → S transition region) serves as an intermediate structure to bridge the two sub-phases in the R phase region. The incommensurate phase in the P phase region can be inferred from the polarization current density and differential dielectric permittivity anomalies, and it provides the bridge structure during the electric field-induced polarization reversal and antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric transition in NaNbO3 solid solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number11
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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