Direct Interfacial Growth of MnO2 Nanostructure on Hierarchically Porous Carbon for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Xi Wang, Shuai Chen, Daohao Li, Shenglei Sun, Zhi Peng, Sridhar Komarneni, Dongjiang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Developing a composite electrode composed of a carbon-based material and a transition metal oxide is an effective way to address the problems such as poor conductivity and low porosity created by transitional metal oxide electrodes for supercapacitors. In this work, the activated carbon (AC) prepared from enteromorpha prolifera (ACEP) with typical hierarchically porous structure, was used as a substrate to grow MnO2 nanostructures via wet chemical reaction process. The morphology and crystalline phase of the MnO2 could be controlled by facilely adjusting reaction time. For instance, δ-MnO2 nanosheets were anchored on the ACEP in the initial stage (1-6 h), but α-MnO2 nanowires were obtained with the extension of reaction time (7-12 h). The electrode prepared from ACEP@δ-MnO2 nanosheets displays high specific capacitance (345.1 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1) and excellent cycle stability (i.e., a capacitance retention of 92.8% after 5000 cycles). Moreover, an asymmetric supercapacitor was assembled by using as-prepared ACEP@δ-MnO2 composite as positive electrode and AC as negative electrode. The assembled AC//δ-ACEP@MnO2 supercapacitor is shown to work in a wide voltage range of 0-2.0 V and delivered a high energy density of 31.0 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 500.0 W kg-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-641
Number of pages9
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Fingerprint

Nanostructures
electrode
Carbon
Electrodes
Activated carbon
carbon
activated carbon
Nanosheets
Oxides
Capacitance
Composite materials
transition element
chemical reaction
Nanowires
Transition metals
Chemical reactions
conductivity
Porosity
Metals
porosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Wang, Xi ; Chen, Shuai ; Li, Daohao ; Sun, Shenglei ; Peng, Zhi ; Komarneni, Sridhar ; Yang, Dongjiang. / Direct Interfacial Growth of MnO2 Nanostructure on Hierarchically Porous Carbon for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors. In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 633-641.
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Direct Interfacial Growth of MnO2 Nanostructure on Hierarchically Porous Carbon for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors. / Wang, Xi; Chen, Shuai; Li, Daohao; Sun, Shenglei; Peng, Zhi; Komarneni, Sridhar; Yang, Dongjiang.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 1, 02.01.2018, p. 633-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Direct Interfacial Growth of MnO2 Nanostructure on Hierarchically Porous Carbon for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors

AU - Wang, Xi

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AB - Developing a composite electrode composed of a carbon-based material and a transition metal oxide is an effective way to address the problems such as poor conductivity and low porosity created by transitional metal oxide electrodes for supercapacitors. In this work, the activated carbon (AC) prepared from enteromorpha prolifera (ACEP) with typical hierarchically porous structure, was used as a substrate to grow MnO2 nanostructures via wet chemical reaction process. The morphology and crystalline phase of the MnO2 could be controlled by facilely adjusting reaction time. For instance, δ-MnO2 nanosheets were anchored on the ACEP in the initial stage (1-6 h), but α-MnO2 nanowires were obtained with the extension of reaction time (7-12 h). The electrode prepared from ACEP@δ-MnO2 nanosheets displays high specific capacitance (345.1 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1) and excellent cycle stability (i.e., a capacitance retention of 92.8% after 5000 cycles). Moreover, an asymmetric supercapacitor was assembled by using as-prepared ACEP@δ-MnO2 composite as positive electrode and AC as negative electrode. The assembled AC//δ-ACEP@MnO2 supercapacitor is shown to work in a wide voltage range of 0-2.0 V and delivered a high energy density of 31.0 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 500.0 W kg-1.

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