Direct Measurement of Quasar Outflow Wind Acceleration

Toru Misawa, Michael Eracleous, Jane C. Charlton, Nobunari Kashikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We search for velocity changes (i.e., acceleration/deceleration) of narrow absorption lines (NALs) that are intrinsic to the quasars using spectra of six bright quasars that have been observed more than once with 8-10 m class telescopes. While variations in line strength and profile are frequently reported (especially in broader absorption lines), definitive evidence for velocity shifts has not been found, with only a few exceptions. Direct velocity shift measurements are valuable constraints on the acceleration mechanisms. In this study, we determine velocity shifts by comparing the absorption profiles of NALs at two epochs separated by more than 10 yr in the observed frame using the cross-correlation function method, and we estimate the uncertainties using Monte Carlo simulations. We do not detect any significant shifts, but we obtain 3σ upper limits on the acceleration of intrinsic NALs (compared to intervening NALs in the same quasars) of ∼0.7 km s-1 yr-1 (∼0.002 cm s-2) on average. We discuss possible scenarios for nondetection of NAL acceleration/deceleration and examine the resulting constraints on the physical conditions in accretion disk winds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number68
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume870
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2019

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quasars
outflow
shift
deceleration
profiles
accretion disks
cross correlation
accretion
time measurement
telescopes
estimates
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Direct Measurement of Quasar Outflow Wind Acceleration",
abstract = "We search for velocity changes (i.e., acceleration/deceleration) of narrow absorption lines (NALs) that are intrinsic to the quasars using spectra of six bright quasars that have been observed more than once with 8-10 m class telescopes. While variations in line strength and profile are frequently reported (especially in broader absorption lines), definitive evidence for velocity shifts has not been found, with only a few exceptions. Direct velocity shift measurements are valuable constraints on the acceleration mechanisms. In this study, we determine velocity shifts by comparing the absorption profiles of NALs at two epochs separated by more than 10 yr in the observed frame using the cross-correlation function method, and we estimate the uncertainties using Monte Carlo simulations. We do not detect any significant shifts, but we obtain 3σ upper limits on the acceleration of intrinsic NALs (compared to intervening NALs in the same quasars) of ∼0.7 km s-1 yr-1 (∼0.002 cm s-2) on average. We discuss possible scenarios for nondetection of NAL acceleration/deceleration and examine the resulting constraints on the physical conditions in accretion disk winds.",
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Direct Measurement of Quasar Outflow Wind Acceleration. / Misawa, Toru; Eracleous, Michael; Charlton, Jane C.; Kashikawa, Nobunari.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 870, No. 2, 68, 10.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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