Direct measurement of the photoelectric response time of bacteriorhodopsin via electro-optic sampling

J. Xu, A. B. Stickrath, P. Bhattacharya, J. Nees, G. Váró, J. R. Hillebrecht, L. Ren, R. R. Birge

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Abstract

The photovoltaic signal associated with the primary photochemical event in an oriented bacteriorhodopsin film is measured by directly probing the electric field in the bacteriorhodopsin film using an ultrafast electro-optic sampling technique. The inherent response time is limited only by the laser pulse width of 500 fs, and permits a measurement of the photovoltage with a bandwidth of better than 350 GHz. All previous published studies have been carried out with bandwidths of 50 GHz or lower. We observe a charge buildup with an exponential formation time of 1.68 ± 0.05 ps and an initial decay time of 31.7 ps. Deconvolution with a 500-fs Gaussian excitation pulse reduces the exponential formation time to 1.61 ± 0.04 ps. The photovoltaic signal continues to rise for 4.5 ps after excitation, and the voltage profile corresponds well with the population dynamics of the K state. The origin of the fast photovoltage is assigned to the partial isomerization of the chromophore and the coupled motion of the Arg-82 residue during the primary event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1134
Number of pages7
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics

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    Xu, J., Stickrath, A. B., Bhattacharya, P., Nees, J., Váró, G., Hillebrecht, J. R., Ren, L., & Birge, R. R. (2003). Direct measurement of the photoelectric response time of bacteriorhodopsin via electro-optic sampling. Biophysical journal, 85(2), 1128-1134. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(03)74549-4